Probably even more than Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy has been praised as being the greatest novelist in world literature. The 19th-century English critic and poet Matthew Arnold famously expressed the commonest view in saying that a work by Tolstoy is not a piece of art… Early years The scion of prominent aristocrats, Tolstoy was born at the family estate, about miles kilometres south of Moscowwhere he was to live the better part of his life and write his most-important works.
From tothe British Empire had a mandate over Palestine. The increasing number of Jewish people immigrating to the Holy Land increased tensions in the region. European geopolitics in the earlier half of the 20th century in the wider Middle East region contributed to a lot of instability overall.
The British Empire, especially, played a major role in the region. In return, the British government would support the establishment of an independent Arab state in the region, including Palestine. Yet, in contradiction to this, and to also get support of Jewish people, inLord Arthur Balfour, then British Foreign Minister, issued a declaration the Balfour Declaration.
As a further complication, there was a deal between Imperial Britain and France to carve up the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire and divide control of the region. The spoils of war were to be shared. As with the Berlin Conference where Africa was carved up amongst the various European empires, parts of the Middle East were also to be carved up, which would require artificial borders, support of monarchies, dictators and other leaders that could be regarded as puppets Back to top Post World War II to After World War II, the newly formed United Nations which then had less developing countries as members recommended the partition of Palestine into two states and the internationalization of Jerusalem.
The minority Jewish people received the majority of the land. The two states were to be joined in an economic union, and Jerusalem would be administered by the United Nations. The Arabs would get 43 percent of the land, the Jews 57 percent.
The proposed apportionment should be assessed in light of the following facts: The Jewish portion was better land; by the end of the percentage of Palestine purchased by Jews was less than 7 percent; Jewish land purchases accounted for only 10 percent of the proposed Jewish state; and Jews made up less than one-third of the population of Palestine.
The United States not only accepted the UN plan, it aggressively promoted it among the other members of the United Nations. That response and his earlier studies of the Bible made him open to the argument that emigration to Palestine was the proper remedy for the surviving Jews of Europe.
He, like his predecessor, had promised he would take no action without fully consulting the Arabs, and he reneged. Henderson warned that partition would not only create anti-Americanism but would also require U.
But Truman was concerned about the domestic political implications as well as the foreign policy implications of the partition issue. As he himself put it during a meeting with U. I do not have hundreds of thousands of Arabs among my constituents. Later, in a article in the American Zionist, Emmanuel Neumann, president of the Zionist Organization of America, conceded that Truman would not have worked so hard for the creation of Israel but for the prospect of wholesale defections from the Democratic Party.
Niles, and Clark Clifford, all members of his staff, and Eddie Jacobson, his close friend and former business partner. The White House, too, was subjected to a constant barrage. I do not think I ever had as much pressure and propaganda aimed at the White House as I had in this instance.
The persistence of a few of the extreme Zionist leaders—actuated by political motives and engaging in political threats—disturbed and annoyed me. Pressure on Truman also came from non-Jewish fundamentalists and politicians.
In some cases, support for Jewish admission to and statehood in Palestine may have had another domestic political angle. That support sidestepped the sensitive issue of U. In other words, support for Zionism may have been a convenient way for people who did not want Jews to come to the United States to avoid appearing anti-Semitic.
American classical liberals and others, including the American Council for Judaism, opposed the quotas, and it is probable that many of the refugees, given the option, would have preferred to come to the United States.
By mid-November the Truman administration was firmly in the Zionist camp.
When the State Department and the U. The United States also voted against a UN resolution calling on member states to accept Jewish refugees who could not be repatriated.
Senior Editor Sheldon L. The State of Israel was proclaimed on May 14but the Arab states rejected the partition of Palestine and the existence of Israel.Korean War Timeline Timeline Description: The Korean War is often called The Forgotten War.
It began when communist North Korea invaded South Korea in When the war ended in , Korea was still divided and it remains that way today.
The 51st Highland Division in World War One WWI, - This outline, which is currently little more than a chronology, will introduce the operations and battles of the 51st Highland Division in World War One and, it is hoped will gradually be expanded to provide more comprehensive accounts.
A Brief Description of World War II World War II FRQ World War II was a period of great change for the United States in terms of race, economics, and the demographic of American life.
World War II pulled America out the Great Depression and revitalized the nation. Brief Overview The Start of the War. World War I began on July 28, , when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from to The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the srmvision.com was the most global war in history; it directly .
Leo Tolstoy: Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, a master of realistic fiction and one of the world’s greatest novelists. Tolstoy is best known for his two longest works, War and Peace (–69) and Anna Karenina (–77), which are commonly regarded as among the finest novels ever written.
War and Peace in.