Discover an overview of Maryland's rich history, heritage, historic events, and culture.
Like many early U. Constitution on April 28, Although initially part of Virginia, Maryland became a separate colony under a charter granted to Lord Baltimore George Calvert ca.
The colony was named in honor of Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I, and the specific name given in the charter was phrased Terra Mariae, anglice, Maryland. Of course it is not the only place in the state to have received its name through various associations with the Calverts: Cecil Calvert, Second Lord Baltimore named the colony for Queen Henrietta Maria, consort of the then king of England, Charles l, who granted the charter for the colony in George, a Secretary of State to James I, was rewarded by the king with title to land in Newfoundland for a colony the Yorkshire landowner dubbed "Avalon.
Paul Street statue, erected November 21,under the auspices of the Society of Colonial Wars of the State of Maryland, celebrates the fact that Cecil "established in Maryland for the first time in the English-speaking world freedom of religious worship Thus, when the newly-created Baron of Baltimore visited Jamestown before his death, he was treated with suspicion by the leaders of Virginia because of his "Romish" religion and the fact that he would be taking lands the Virginians claimed to be theirs.
Indeed, he said, the settlers learned that the "Indians were all in armes to resist us," having been told that the Spanish were coming to destroy them all. White attributed this rumor to Claiborne, who was actively trying to undermine the new colony. Fortunately, relations with the Indians proved friendly in the vicinity of the new settlement of St.
The same could not be said for Claiborne who, although first tolerated by the Calverts, was shortly to be declared an outlaw after his men fought a battle with the Marylanders at the Pocomoke River in The Marylanders seized Kent Island, displacing the Virginians.
Although the Calverts successfully established the Maryland colony, Calvert rule would continue to be rocky. This rockiness was partly the result of less than consistent rule by the Calverts themselves and also a result of the Maryland economy being solely based on tobacco.
During the English Civil War ofClaiborne once more seized Kent Island for a brief period starting in fall Then Richard Ingle, a supporter of Parliament, captured and plundered St. Philip Calvert retook St. Inhowever, Protestant rebels overthrew the government of the third Lord Baltimore. A series of Royal governors held the reigns of state until Baltimore tried to improve matters by changing governors but unhappiness with his policies persisted.
He consented to an act establishing paper money, backed by tobacco export, in an effort to improve the economy. But he persisted in reviving the system of collecting rents and in maintaining fees to office-holders.
When Frederick, the sixth Lord Baltimore, died inhis will proclaimed the new proprietor to be his illegitimate son, Henry Harford.
Harford was proprietor when the last governor, Robert Eden, was overthrown in at the Start of the American Revolution.
He was also a pioneer in modern agricultural practices. Congressman Calvert introduced legislation establishing the U. He also provided the land for the Maryland Agricultural College, which is now the University of Maryland.
Civil War and Beyond.
A History of its People Hardcover. Should serve as a handy quick-reference book in offices and libraries.Cecil (or Cecilius in Latin) Calvert was still a young man of 26 years when his father, George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, died in Upon his father's death, Cecil became the Second Baron of Baltimore and inherited the colonies and lands owned by his father.
Maryland began as a colony in when King Charles I promised George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, a colony north of Virginia.
Before he could visit the colony, George Calvert died. His son, Cecilius, became the second Lord Baltimore and the Lord Proprietor of Maryland. Cecil (or Cecilius in Latin) Calvert was still a young man of 26 years when his father, George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, died in Upon his father's death, Cecil became the Second Baron of Baltimore and inherited the colonies and lands owned by his father.
We can think of George Calvert as the founder of Maryland, and Cecil Calvert as the settler of Maryland. George Calvert, the 1st Lord Baltimore George Calvert was born in England in George Calvert First Lord Baltimore ( -April 15, ) The oldest son of an obscure Yorkshire gentleman, George Calvert gained wealth, status, and influence in .
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