Please check back in late summer for more information regarding the next competition. IAF's Fellowships are intended to increase awareness of grassroots development efforts while building a community of professionals and scholars knowledgeable in the subject.
An Expensive Trip To Nowhere? World Wire Special Coverage provides a number of articles from around the world. The remainder of this section introduces at some of those issues relating to business interests, governments, non-governmental organizations, etc.
Back to top Public-Private Partnerships, Corporate Interests and Globalization A much-talked about issue during the build up to this summit has been the multinational corporate interests and influence.
Transnational businesses are major entities in global affairs.
Some have considerable resources at their disposal. Business partnerships with governments, at national and Development at grassroots level is increasing Development at grassroots many parts of the world, as it is recognized that business processes can bring positive benefits.
Compared to the Rio Summit and others such as the Kyoto meeting on Climate Change ina number of businesses came to the Summit appearing to support sustainable development. Ten years ago at the Earth Summit in Rio, world business leaders were mostly in attendance to say "no" to any proposals for firm action to reduce greenhouse gasses, as well as to demands for more investment in reducing pollution and controlling toxic wastes.
But what a difference a decade can make. Businesses, or at least some business leaders, have decided to embrace the call for sustainable development. Dozens of CEOs and hundreds of other of corporate officials arrived in Johannesburg this week with briefcases full of proposals for "partnership initiatives" to enhance sustainability.
The above quoted article, for example continues that, despite various big businesses turning towards sustainability, "The criticism, however, has continued, and some groups believe the United Nations has become too cozy with big business. The shift towards private-public partnerships in both the Type I obligatory and Type II voluntary agreements of the WSSD represents part of wider abdication of responsibility on the part of developed countries to fulfill their commitments to facilitate sustainable development in the south.
Plus, allowing northern-controlled agencies, such as the World Bank, to initiate the implementation of crucial programmes, including through its role as lead agency of the Global Environmental Facility GEFonce again limits the policy choices of developing countries in their attainment of sustainable development.
Johannesburg will thus serve as a test of the political will of northern countries, both to accept the weight of their present and historical contribution to depletion of natural resources, and to assume primary responsibility for the costs of rebalancing the earth's ecosystems for the benefit of the world's peoples.
This responsibility will involve not only the contribution of substantial financial resources to aid developing countries in bearing the adjustment costs of sustainable development, but a commitment to reorienting current unsustainable production and consumption patterns and reforming the global economic system which form the basis of the present ecological devastation and human misery.
Celine Tan, Why trade and finance groups should get involved in the WSSD processThird World Network, Malaysia, July But the move towards voluntary actions is also criticized as an excuse for governmentsas well as businesses to shun away from commitments as well.
While this summit saw delegates from all over the world attending, including most world leaders, the most powerful leader in the world, U. President George Bush did not attend.
The decision for Bush not to attend also seems to have some business-oriented reasons behind it, amongst other factors.
Some of the more right-wing oriented big business-backed think tanks and others have urged and applauded George Bush's decision not to attend in person.
Certain big businesses have long been afraid of making costly commitments to reduce environmental burdens. Some of the free market "fundamentalist" think tanks believe that any form of regulation on them would have a negative impact on the economy, while others fear a sort of "global government" agenda.
Side NoteIndeed, there has been a bit of controversy over a letter from lobbyists and others to George Bush saying that "We applaud your decision not to attend the summit in person. Your presence would only help to publicize and make more credible various anti-freedom, anti-people, anti-globalization, and anti-Western agendas.
Evolutionary economist and author, Dr. Hazel Henderson, is quite scathing on the Bush position and it also puts the onus on U. Powell must provide public relations and "spin" on US President George Bush's continued "go-it-alone" disdain for multilateral cooperation.
Bush's stance is rooted in the laissez faire ideology of his corporate supporters, the fundamentalist, right wing of his party and the "rugged individualism" philosophy of the US "wild west".
Hazel Henderson, Bush's Agenda in JohannesburgTerra Viva, Inter Press Service, August 28 Yet, arguably, if it were even possible for the Summit to have produced some binding outcome that could be regarded as positive, it would likely be that the perceived costs of making such changes would have a negative impact on the wealthy, who currently benefit from the current global system as it is structured.
While potentially addressing or at least highlighting again the concerns of the poorer around the world, the hope was that this summit may provide one small maybe quite tiny step towards protecting their rights and their environment from external factors that they have little control or say over.
Side NoteAs has been detailed on this site's section behind consumerism and consumptionone of the major factors of environmental problems, as well as other issues such as poverty and hunger, lie in the inequalities around the world and the interests of power and big business.
Any changes to processes that are beneficial to those entities is of course likely to generate discontent at the least and opposition.
Hence, some businesses that are in attendance may well have genuine concerns and desires to help in this area, but for others there are more opportunities at profit. These two agendas could overlap and be positive, but they could also clash, as will be discussed a bit further down this page.
No doubt that from these business interests and free market ideology, there is some valid criticism as well. Some environmental "extremists" may unwittingly be suggesting policies which might hamper long term economic development for poorer nations.
Yet, at the same time, points are made for example that economic growth leads to better environmental qualities. But, this is an ideologically based oversimplification, because it ignores those very same political factors and influences surrounding economic growth, development and the environment that have been pushed by and turned out to be beneficial for various business interests at the expense of these other issues.
For example, economic growth of the wealthy countries has been at the direct cost to poorer nations for centuries controlling, extracting and using much of their resourcesand more recently, by things like exporting pollution to the poorer regions, which makes the wealthier nations' environment appear even cleaner while regions in the South get even dirtier.
Graphs and charts might show a nice correlation between economic growth and environmental health, but they doen't necessarily capture these political decisions. This, while the U.VBNK is a dynamic Cambodian learning organisation at the forefront of capacity development.
VBNK works with a wide range of civil society, public and private sector organisations so that they can. The program gradually ensured the percolation of development works at grassroots level with the involvement and participation of grassroots people.
The construction of ponds, irrigation canals, dam and life saving irrigation models in the program areas helped in ensuring increased productivity and creating sustainability in economic growth at.
The United Nations defines community development as "a process where community members come together to take collective action and generate solutions to common problems." It is a broad term given to the practices of civic leaders, activists, involved citizens and professionals to improve various aspects of communities, typically aiming to build stronger and more resilient local communities.
Digital Adverting Coordinator. FreedomWorks, a free-market grassroots organization that fights for lower taxes, less government and more economic freedom, is looking to expand marketing program with a Digital Advertising Coordinator.
The soccer programs are operated as part of the Red Bulls global approach to player development. With soccer academies in Austria, Germany, Brazil, and New York, the Red Bulls are able to draw on extensive support and expertise to offer the highest level of youth soccer programs in the New York and New Jersey area.
Hundreds of well-wishers turned out at the Major Adams Community Center, N. Hoyne, to sing Happy Birthday to the MACC’s legendary founder James “Major” Adams.