Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler did not live a very long life, but during his time he caused such a great deal of death and destruction that his actions still have an effect on the world nearly 50 years later. For Adolf it might have been society, rejection from his father, failure as an artist or was he born to hate? His father, Alois was a minor customs official, and his mother was a peasant girl.
Holy Roman Empire of the German nationGerman ConfederationGerman questionGerman Empireand German nationalism in Austria The idea of grouping all Germans into a nation-state country had been the subject of debate in the 19th century from the ending of the Holy Roman Empire in until the ending Who voted for hitler essay the German Confederation in This solution would have included all the German states including the non-German regions of Austriabut Prussia would have had to take second place.
This controversy, called dualismdominated Prusso-Austrian diplomacy and the politics of the German states in the mid-nineteenth century. The Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck formed the North German Confederationwhich included the remaining German states and further expanded the power of Prussia.
Bismarck used the Franco-Prussian war as a way to convince other German states, including the Kingdom of Bavariato side with Prussia against the Second French Empire. Due to Prussia's quick victory, the debate was settled and in the "Kleindeutsch" German Empire based on the leadership of Bismarck and the Kingdom of Prussia formed - this excluded Austria.
The Austrian-Hungarian rule of this diverse empire included various different ethnic groups including Hungarians, Slavic ethnic groups such as Croats, Czechs, Poles, Rusyns, Serbs, Slovaks, Slovenes, and Ukrainians, as well as Italians and Romanians ruled by a German minority.
Many Austrian pan-Germans showed loyalty to Bismarck  and only to Germany, wore symbols that were temporarily banned in Austrian schools and advocated the dissolution of the empire to allow an annexation of Austria to Germany. Elite and popular opinion in Austria after largely favored some sort of union with Germany, but it was explicitly forbidden by the peace treaties.
The provisional national assembly drafted a provisional constitution that stated that "German Austria is a democratic republic" Article 1 and "German Austria is a component of the German Republic" Article 2.
In the aftermath of a prohibition of an Anschluss, the Germans in both Austria and Germany pointed out to a contradiction in the national self-determination principle because it failed to grant it to the ethnic Germans such as German Austrians and Sudeten Germans outside of the German Reich.
This measure was criticized by Hugo Preussthe drafter of the German Weimar Constitutionwho saw the prohibition as a contradiction of the Wilsonian principle of self-determination of peoples, intended to help bring peace to Europe.
Austrian particularism[ clarification needed ], especially among the nobility, also played a role in the decisions; Austria was Roman Catholic, while Germany was dominated by Protestants, especially in government the Prussian nobility, for example, was Lutheran.
The constitutions of the Weimar Republic and the First Austrian Republic included the political goal of unification, which was widely supported by democratic parties. In the early s, popular support in Austria for union with Germany remained overwhelming, and the Austrian government looked to a possible customs union with the German Republic in German military map of Second World War, with no border between Germany and Austria top right; also showing Alsace as part of Germany as it was directly incorporated into the Reich Nazi Germany and Austria[ edit ] When the Nazisled by Adolf Hitlerrose to power in the Weimar Republic, the Austrian government withdrew from economic ties.
Austria shared the economic turbulence of the Great Depressionwith a high unemployment rate, and unstable commerce and industry.
During the s it was a target for German investment capital. By rapid German rearmament increased Berlin's interest in annexing Austria, rich in raw materials and labour.
It supplied Germany with magnesium and the products of the iron, textile and machine industries.
It had gold and foreign currency reserves, many unemployed skilled workers, hundreds of idle factories, and large potential hydroelectric resources. In vehemently attacking the man's arguments he made an impression on the other party members with his oratory skills and, according to Hitler, the "professor" left the hall acknowledging unequivocal defeat.
Hitler accepted on September 12, becoming the party's 55th member. Hitler wrote in Mein Kampf that he would create a union between his birth country Austria and Germany by any means possible. The government evolved into a corporatistone-party government that combined the CS and the paramilitary Heimwehr.
It controlled labor relations and the press. See Austrofascism and Patriotic Front. Power was centralized in the office of the chancellorwho was empowered to rule by decree. The dominance of the Christian Social Party whose economic policies were based on the papal encyclical Rerum novarum was an Austrian phenomenon.
Austria's national identity had strong Catholic elements that were incorporated into the movement, by way of clerical authoritarian tendencies not found in Nazism. Engelbert Dollfuss and his successor, Kurt Schuschniggturned to Italy for inspiration and support. The statist corporatism often referred to as Austrofascism bore more resemblance to Italian Fascism than to German National Socialism, and can be described as a form of clerical fascism.
Benito Mussolini supported the independence of Austria, largely due to his concern that Hitler would eventually press for the return of Italian territories once ruled by Austria.Anschluss (German: [ˈʔanʃlʊs] (listen) 'joining') refers to the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany on 12 March The word's German spelling, until the German orthography reform of , was Anschluß and it was also known as the Anschluss Österreichs (pronunciation (help · .
Timothy Snyder is a Yale historian whose scholarly reputation rests on his wide-ranging histories of Central and Eastern Europe. Trained at Oxford, Snyder demonstrated a capacity for research in. Research Papers words ( pages) Why People Voted for Roosevelt in Essay - Why People Voted for Roosevelt in There were many reasons why people voted for Roosevelt in Martin Luther - Hitler's Spiritual Ancestor by Peter F.
Wiener--Many of the Reformers were NOT the saints much of Protestant Church History paints them as. This work reveals some of the dark side of the leading Protestant Reformer.
Essay: Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler did not live a very long life, but during his time he caused such a great deal of death and destruction that his actions still have an effect on the world nearly 50 years later.
nothing but “ chaos, misery, and starvation in all countries.” (Hitler par. 9). Hitler on the other hand had been striving for two decades to better the German regime.